Raiders in Europe

The Raiders Research Project presents:

The Raiders’ European league allocations, 1991-2007

Over the 15-season history of the World League of American Football, later called NFL Europe and NFL Europa, the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders’ assignment history was spotty at best. These are the players allocated by the Raiders to the European spring developmental league since its birth in 1991. Players are listed along with any past history with the Raiders, and with their subsequent Raider fate in the fall after their assignment, where appropriate (Raiders history in italics; players who made the Raiders’ roster that fall are also in bold). You can see the vast majority of players, even those with prior Raiders experience, failed to turn their spring gains into fall roster spots with the team.

The WLAF existed for two seasons, 1991 and 1992, before taking two years off, then returned in spring 1995. The league, renamed NFL Europe, existed until 2007 when, shortly after its first and only ”NFL Europa” season, the National Football League announced the NFLE’s dissolution in favor of playing NFL games in Europe.

In its later years, NFL Europa players have been granted roster exemptions until the final cutdown; this accounts for most of the released players lasting until that final stage of camp. For 2006 and 2007, the exemptions lasted only until the preliminary, late-camp 75-player cutdown.

Class of Spring 2007 (minimum 5 players):

Ricardo Dickerson, free agent LB: Missed season on IR w/Berlin

2007: Missed season on IR/NFLE due to injury

Rich Parson, free agent WR/KR: Starting KR/PR for champion Hamburg

2007: Spent time on Raiders’ PS before being waived

Levonne Rowan, free agent CB: On IR w/Fra.; PS, reserve CB, IR w/Ams.

2007: Waived during camp

Dave Tollefson, free agent DE: In camp with Frankfurt; starting RE for Berlin

2007: Spent time on PS; then signed to N.Y. Giants’ roster

Lauren Williams, free agent WR: Starting WR for Rhein

2007: Waived during camp

Class of Spring 2006 (16 players):

Vince Carter, free agent C: Waived by Raiders before NFLE season

2005: OFA waived during training camp; re-signed after season

Roger Cooper, free agent LB: Missed NFLE season on IR with Frankfurt

2006: Waived at start of camp

Tim Duncan, free agent K: Starting K for Cologne; missed 2nd half on IR

2006: Waived during camp

Hiram Eugene, practice squad DB: IR w/Frankfurt; reserve CB, then IR with Berlin

2005: OFA ended season on PS; re-signed after season

2006: Spent most of 2006 on PS; activated for final game but did not play

2007: On 53-man roster, playing in 16 games with five starts at FS

Clarence Farmer, free agent RB: Waived by Raiders before NFLE season

DeJuan Green, practice squad RB: Missed 1st half on IR; starting RB for Hamburg

2004: OFA spent season on PS; re-signed after season

2005: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

2006: Missed season on IR; not re-signed after season

Jeff Green, free agent DE: Reserve RE with Berlin

2006: Waived at start of camp

Roderick Green, practice squad OL: PS OL w/champion Fra.; activated for WB

2005: OFA ended season on PS; re-signed after season

2006: Waived during camp

Anttaj Hawthorne, roster DT: Split time at RE and DT for champion Frankfurt

2005: D6a spent most of season on PS; activated late, playing two games

2006: On 53-man roster, playing in 16 games at DT

2007: Waived in final camp cutdown

Pasha Jackson, free agent LB: Cut in camp by Ham.; reserve LB then IR w/Ams.

2006: Missed season on IR/NFLE due to injury; waived after season

David Kimball, free agent K: Starting K for champion Fra.; led NFLE in FGs/FGAs

2006: Waived during camp

Brad Lekkerkerker, roster OT: Recalled by Raiders and DNP in NFLE

2004: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

2005: Spent most of season on PS; activated late, playing one game

2006: Retired at start of camp

Shawn Morgan, free agent LB: Reserve LB for Amsterdam

2006: Waived at start of camp

William Obeng, practice squad OT: Reserve LT for Cologne

2005: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2006: Waived in final camp cutdown

Glenn Pakulak, free agent P: Starting P for Amsterdam; led NFLE in gross avg.

2006: Waived during camp

Reggie Robertson, free agent QB: Reserve QB with Amsterdam

2006: Waived during camp

Class of Spring 2005 (10 players):

James Adkisson, practice squad WR: Reserve WR for Col.; with ch. Ams. for WB

2003: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2004: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

2005: Spent most of season on PS; activated late, did not play

2006: On 53-man roster, playing in two games

2007: Waived during final camp cutdown

Steve Baker, free agent P: Cut in camp by Ber.; cut by Raiders; later P for Col.

2004: OFA waived during camp; re-signed after season

Cedric Bonner, free agent WR: Res. WR for Rhe.; PS for Ber.; res. WR for Ham.

2005: Spent most of season on PS; then signed to Atlanta’s roster

Bret Engemann, practice squad QB: Reserve QB for Berlin

2003: OFA waived during camp; re-signed after season

2004: W/Rhein (see Class of 2004); spent time on PS; re-signed after sn.

2005: Waived during final camp cutdown

Jarmar Julien, free agent RB: Cut in camp by Frankfurt; waived by Raiders

Keyon Nash, roster S: Starting SS for Rhein

2002: D6a spent season on PS; re-signed after season

2003: Spent season on IR

2004: Spent most of season on PS; activated late in season

2005: Placed on IR during camp; released with settlement early in season

J.R. Niklos, practice squad FB: Split time at RB with Frankfurt

2004: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2005: Waived during final cutdown

Shaun Rose, free agent OT: Reserve OT for Berlin

2005: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2006: Waived during camp

Marquis Smith, free agent S/LB: Starting SLB for Hamburg

2005: Waived during final cutdown

Edward Thomas, free agent LB: Starting WLB for Rhein

2005: Waived during final cutdown

Class of Spring 2004 (10 players):

Bobby Brooks, free agent LB: Starting LB for Cologne

1999: OFA spent most of season on PS; played in one game

2000: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

2001: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

2002: Waived during final camp cutdown; re-signed after 2003 season

2004: Waived during final cutdown

Pete Campion, free agent OG: Recalled by Raiders and DNP in NFLE

2004: Placed on IR during camp; released with settlement

Robert Chapman, free agent LB: Reserve LB for Frankfurt; placed on IR late

2002: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2003: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

2004: Spent season on IR/NFLE due to injury; not re-signed after season

Chris Downs, free agent RB: Starting RB for Amsterdam

2004: Missed season on IR; not re-signed after season

Bret Engemann, free agent QB: In camp with Frankfurt; reserve QB for Rhein

2003: OFA waived during camp; re-signed after season

2004: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season (see Class of 2005)

Ron Moore, free agent DT: PS for Cologne; waived by Raiders

David Newman, practice squad TE: Recalled by Raiders and DNP in NFLE

2002: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2003: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2004: Waived during final camp cutdown

David Nugent, free agent DT: Starting DT for Rhein; all-NFLE

2004: Waived during final camp cutdown

Bobby Setzer, free agent DE: Starting DE for Fra.; all-NFLE and led NFLE in sacks

2004: Waived during camp

Todd Wike, free agent OG: Starting LG for Scotland

2003: OFA waived during camp; re-signed after season

2004: Waived during final camp cutdown

Class of Spring 2003 (minimum 5 players):

Justin Bland, free agent OT: Starting RT for Scotland

2003: Released/left squad during camp

Tony Lukins, practice squad CB: Starting LCB for Rhein

2002: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2003: Waived during final camp cutdown

Joe O’Donnell, free agent K: Split time at K for Amsterdam

2003: Waived during final camp cutdown

Ryan Prince, free agent TE: In camp w/Bar.; res. TE for Rhe., then Ber., then Rhe.

2003: Waived during final camp cutdown

Jamal White, free agent LB: Starting SLB for Berlin

2003: Waived during final camp cutdown

Class of Spring 2002 (14 players):

Calvin Branch, free agent DB: Starting SS for champion Berlin; injured in WB

1997: D6a spent time on PS, then on 53-man roster, playing six games

1998: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

1999: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

2000: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

2001: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

2002: Missed sn. on res./NFI due to NFLE injury; not re-signed after sn.

2005: Spent time on 53-man roster, playing two games

Today: Member of Raiders’ scouting department.

Brandon Christensen, free agent TE: Reserve TE for Bar.; injured most of sn.

2002: Waived; re-signed from Bal. PS for playoffs; not re-signed after sn.

Derek Combs, practice squad CB: Starting CB and part-time KR for Amsterdam

2001: D7a spent time on Raider PS; re-signed after season

2002: On 53-man roster, playing four games; waived during season

Jim Emanuel, free agent LB: Starting LB for Barcelona

2002: Waived at start of camp

Makai Freitas, free agent OT: Failed physical; cut by Raiders

Javon Green, free agent WR: Cut in camp; cut by Raiders

2001: OFA waived during camp; re-signed after season

Marcus Knight, roster WR: Starting WR for Ams.; all-NFLE, 2nd in NFLE in recept.

2000: OFA spent season on PS; re-signed after season

2001: On 53-man roster, playing five games with one start

2002: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games with one start

2003: Waived during camp

Kevin McKenzie, free agent WR: Split time at WR for Scotland; inj. part of season

2002: Waived at start of camp

Abdul-Salaam Noah, free agent DT: Failed physical; cut by Raiders

2000: Waived during camp; re-signed after 2001 season

Raymond Perryman, roster S: Starting FS for Amsterdam; injured late in season

2001: D5 spent most of season on PS, activated for postseason

2002: Waived during final cutdown

J.T. Thatcher, free agent DB/KR: Cut in camp; cut by Raiders

Stephen Vagedes, free agent WR: Cut in camp by Barcelona; cut by Raiders

Ted White, free agent QB: Split time at QB for Barcelona; led NFLE in passer eff.

2002: Waived at start of camp

Marcus Williams, practice squad TE: Injured in camp w/Ams.; reserve TE for Fra.

2001: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2002: Spent time on PS, then activated, playing 14 games

2003: Placed on IR during camp; released with settlement

Joe Wong, free agent OT: Starting RT for Barcelona

2002: Waived during final camp cutdown; spent time on PS

Class of Spring 2001 (8 players):

Cliffton Black, free agent S: Reserve S for Rhein, inj. during sn.; cut by Raiders

2000: D7b waived during camp; re-signed after season

Marques Brigham, free agent RB: In camp w/Ber., then PS w/Rhe.; cut by Raiders

1999: Waived during camp; re-signed after 2000 season

Jon Harris, free agent DE: Starting DE for World Bowl champion Berlin

2001: Waived during final camp cutdown

Jabari Jackson, practice squad RB: Reserve RB for Amsterdam and Frankfurt

2000: Spent time on PS; re-signed after season

2001: Spent time on PS; released during season

Broderick McGrew, practice squad S: Reserve S for Berlin and Amsterdam

2001: Waived during final camp cutdown

Josh Tucker, practice squad OT: Starting OT for Frankfurt

2000: Ended season on PS; re-signed after season

2001: Waived during final camp cutdown

Corey Walker, free agent RB: Reserve CB for Frankfurt

2001: Waived during final camp cutdown

Jason Watts, free agent C: Starting C for Barcelona; injured early in season

2001: Missed season on reserve/NFI due to NFLE injury

Class of Spring 2000 (8 players):

Antonio Anderson, free agent DE: Cut by Raiders before NFLE season

Dirk Christofferson, free agent TE: Cut in camp by Scotland; cut by Raiders

Sale Isaia, free agent OL: Reserve OL for Frankfurt

2000: Waived during final cutdown

Nick Martucci, free agent DE: Placed on IR during camp by Berlin; cut by Raiders

1999: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

Marcus Ray, roster S: Starting SS for Scotland

1999: OFA on 53-man roster, playing eight games

2000: Waived during camp

Dorrick Roy, free agent TE: Cut in camp by Frankfurt; cut by Raiders

Bob Sapp, free agent OT: Cut in camp by Scotland; cut by Raiders

Rodney Williams, roster WR: Reserve WR for Barcelona

1998: OFA on 53-man roster, playing one game

1999: OFA on 53-man roster, playing four games

2000: Waived during final cutdown

Class of Spring 1999 (8 players):

Vince Amey, roster DL: Starting DT for World Bowl champion Frankfurt

1998: D7a spent time on PS, then activated, playing 4 games w/1 start

1999: Waived during final cutdown

Pat Barnes, roster QB: Split time at QB for World Bowl champion Frankfurt

1998: Spent time on PS, then on 53-man roster

1999: Waived during final cutdown

Calvin Branch, roster DB: Recalled by Raiders and DNP in NFLE

1997: D6a spent time on PS and on 53-man roster, playing six games

1998: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

1999: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games (see Class of 2002)

Dayroni Harris, free agent DE: Cut in camp by Rhein; cut by Raiders

Marcus Hinton, free agent TE: Reserve TE for Berlin

1995: OFA on 53-man roster

1996: On 53-man roster, playing two games

1997: Waived during camp; re-signed after 1998 season

1999: Waived in final camp cutdown

Mike McQueary, free agent QB: Cut in camp by Scotland; cut by Raiders

1998: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

Andre Ware, free agent QB: Split time at QB for Berlin; inj. halfway through sn.

1999: Retired at start of camp

Scott Whittaker, free agent OL: Starting OT for Rhein

1997: OFA on 53-man roster

1998: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

1999: Waived prior to camp

Dec. 2, 2003: Died in automobile accident at age 29

Class of Spring 1998 (7 players):

Kenyan Branscomb, practice squad WR: Reserve WR then starting S for Frankfurt

1996: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

1997: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

1998: Waived during final camp cutdown

Scott Curry, free agent OT: Cut in camp by Frankfurt; cut by Raiders

Jason Davis, free agent QB: Reserve QB for Barcelona

1997: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

1998: Waived during final camp cutdown

Ta’ase Faumui, roster DT: Reserve DT for Amsterdam

1997: Waived during camp; re-signed to 53-man roster late in season

1998: Waived during final camp cutdown

Shay Muirbrook, roster LB: Split time at LB for Barcelona

1997: Spent most of season on PS, then on 53-man roster late in season

1998: Waived during final camp cutdown

Shatony Sargeant, practice squad DL: Reserve DL for champion Rhein

1997: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

1998: Waived during final cutdown

Todd Studer, free agent QB: Cut in camp by Scotland; cut by Raiders

1996: Waived during camp; re-signed after 1997 season

Class of Spring 1997 (1 player*):

La’Roi Glover, roster DT: Starting DT for champion Barcelona; all-NFLE

1996: On 53-man roster, playing in two games

1997: Waived during camp

* Note: Glover is the only player who attended the team’s 1997 training camp credited as playing in the WLAF in spring 1997. No definitive allocation list could be found.

Class of Spring 1996 (6 players):

Phillip Bobo, free agent WR: Starting WR for Ams.; second in NFLE in receiving

1995: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

1996: Waived during camp

A.C. Caswell, practice squad WR: Res. WR for Rhe.; injured most of season

1995: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

1996: Placed on IR during camp; released with settlement

Curtis Cotton, free agent S: Reserve DB for Frankfurt

1992: D7a waived during camp; re-signed after 1995 season

1996: Waived during camp

Keith Franklin, roster LB: Starting LB for Amsterdam

1995: Signed to roster late in season, playing two games

1996: Placed on IR during camp; released with settlement

Tom Robsock, practice squad OG: Starting OG for Barcelona

1995: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

1996: Waived during camp

Tim Watson, free agent S: On Barcelona roster; details n/a

1996: Did not attend camp; details n/a

Class of Spring 1995 (1 player*):

Willie Stubbins, practice squad C: Reserve C for champion Frankfurt

1994: Spent season on PS; re-signed after season

1995: Did not play for Raiders; presumably waived during camp

* Note: Although the Raiders signed some free agents who played in the WLAF in spring 1995, it appears all were signed after the WLAF season and only Stubbins was allocated, based on signing dates and Raiders statements. No definitive allocation list could be found.

Class of Spring 1992 (8 players*):

Stefon Adams, free agent WR/DB/KR: Starting KR for champion Sacramento

1985: D3b spent season on IR

1986: On 45-man roster, playing 16 games

1987: On 45-man roster, playing nine games

1988: On 45-man roster, playing 14 games

1989: On 45-man roster, playing 14 games

1990: Released during camp; re-signed after season

1991: Released during camp; re-signed after season

1992: Did not play for Raiders; presumably released during camp

Anthony Dilweg, free agent QB: Reserve QB for Montreal; inj. most of season

1992: Did not play for Raiders; presumably waived during camp

Greg Harrell, free agent TE: Reserve TE for Montreal

1991: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

1992: Did not play for Raiders; presumably waived during camp

William Hinchcliff, free agent WR: Reserve WR for Montreal; inj. most of season

1992: Did not play for Raiders; presumably waived during camp

A.J. Jimerson, roster LB/DE: Reserve DE for Ohio

1990: D8 on 45-man roster, playing four games

1991: On 45-man roster, playing 13 games

1992: Waived during camp; re-signed after season

1993: Waived during camp

Mike Jones, roster LB: Starting LB for World Bowl champion Sacramento

1991: OFA on 45-man roster, playing 16 games

1992: On 45-man roster, playing 16 games

1993: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

1994: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

1995: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

1996: On 53-man roster, playing 15 games; left as free agent after season

Dan Land, roster DB: Starting SS for New York/New Jersey

1989: On 45-man roster, playing 10 games

1990: On 45-man roster, playing 16 games

1991: On 45-man roster, playing 16 games

1992: On 45-man roster, playing 16 games

1993: On 53-man roster, playing 15 games

1994: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

1995: On 53-man roster, playing 15 games

1996: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

1997: On 53-man roster, playing 16 games

1998: Released during camp

Josh Taotoai, practice squad C: “Briefly” w/Sacramento

1991: Spent entire season on PS; re-signed after season

1992: Did not play for Raiders; presumably waived during camp

* Note: These are the players listed as ”enhancement players” in the 1992 Raiders media guide. The team also signed some free agents who played in the WLAF in spring 1992 after the WLAF season. No definitive allocation list could be found.

Class of 1991 (0 players*):

* Note: Although the Raiders signed some free agents who played in the WLAF in spring 1991, it appears all were signed after the WLAF season; no players allocated to the league were on the roster as of the start of training camp. No definitive allocation list could be found.

Sources: Raiders media guides, NFLEurope.com, NFL.com, ProFootballWeekly.com, ESPN.com, DatabaseFootball.com, Pro-Football-Reference.com, “The Vertical Game,” “Dave’s Ex-Claymores Page,” CFL.ca, various college and pro teams’ and fans’ websites<!–[endif]–>

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